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Retrieved 23 March Reimagine the future: innovation for every child. International Health. December Bibcode : PLoSO Agency for International Development. AIDS and Behavior. Journal of Education and Training Studies. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. AIDS Care.

Human Resources for Health. Urban Food Security Series No. BMC Public Health. November Bibcode : PLoSO.. Global tuberculosis report Public Health Action. March 22, Retrieved March 25, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. New York City. Haiti Jamaica Dominican Republic. Bolivia Brazil Colombia Guyana Peru.

United Kingdom Russia Ukraine. The study found that children experiencing one type of violence were more likely to experience other types of violence. One staggering statistic to emerge from the data revealed that for every girl child known to Social Welfare as having experienced sexual violence, there are an estimated girls who have never received help or assistance for sexual violence.

The research study assessed different levels of risk at the individual, interpersonal, and community levels. Individually, risk factors varied little across settings. Age and gender were linked to increased vulnerabilities in girls because of biological changes. Orphans and children with disabilities were found to be more vulnerable to all types of violence.

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Food insecurity and living with three or more other families during childhood years was found to be associated with increased risk for violence in girls as well. Lack of reporting violence affecting children was also found to be related to a general lack of confidentiality in communities, where some have even faced retaliation after reporting childhood violence. Swaziland is one of the first countries to link drivers of violence to strategies that are highly likely to be effective at preventing violence.

Under implementation and enforcement of laws emphasis is placed on aligning national education and child protection Acts and banning corporal punishment in all settings. If child friendly services exist in legislation AND there is no evidence they are not being used, please rate as indicator met. If child friendly services exist in practice but there is no evidence of their existence in legislation, please rate as indicator met. If child friendly services are NOT in legislation and there is no evidence of these being used, please rate as indicator not met.

If child friendly services exist in legislation and there is evidence they are not used or are poorly implemented, please rate as indicator not met.

The Kingdom of Swaziland: Studies in Political History

Researcher Notes Indicator met — child-friendly courts exist in Swaziland. Has to be a specialised law enforcement unit or a sub-unit or team within the law enforcement structure that has specialised mandate to conduct investigations into modern slavery, OR provide specialist support for colleagues AND this unit is operating since 30 June NOT local level anti trafficking coordination bodies.

This has been an impact on their ability to function. This lack of resources must have occurred between 1 February and 30 June Researcher Notes Indicator met — staff were severely under-resourced. SOPs include for example: clear standardised procedures for use across the unit, including how to liaise with front line officers, on how to conduct risk assessments, interview techniques covering witnesses, child victims, and use of interpreters , definitions and indicators of modern slavery, victim-centred approaches understanding of psychological stress and its impact on investigations , case referrals, etc.

Training for the judiciary has taken place on human trafficking and related legislation, victim needs in the court room, basic international legal standards in modern slavery cases, trends in modern slavery in the country, and victim profiles AND training for judiciary has occurred once since 30 June Definition of training includes formal in-person training or an online training program as part of broader curriculum on human rights or other training programs. NOT booklets with description of modern slavery laws have been handed out to judiciary.

Researcher Notes Indicator not met — training has not been provided for the judiciary. Training for prosecutors has taken place on human trafficking and related legislation, victim needs in the court room, basic international legal standards in modern slavery cases, trends in modern slavery in the country, and victim profiles AND training for prosecutors has occurred once since 30 June NOT booklets with description of modern slavery laws have been handed out to prosecutors. Researcher Notes Indicator not met — training not provided to prosecutors.

Researcher Notes Indicator not met — not met for 3.

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CDIS | Swaziland's indicators

Judicial punishments are either too lenient or too harsh for offenders AND this has occurred during the period 1 February to 30 June Examples of too lenient include giving of fines, suspended sentences, and sentences that are less than the prescribed minimum. Examples of too harsh are corporal punishment and capital punishment.

Researcher Notes Indicator not met — no convictions made between 1st February to 30th June Milestone 3 Coordination occurs at the national and regional level, and governments are held to account for their response. National coordination body on modern slavery trafficking, slavery, forced labour, children in armed conflict exists that includes both NGOs and government representatives AND this group met at least once between 1 February and 30 June This body coordinates the whole of the government response to modern slavery. NOT a group or body that refers victims — this is covered under Milestone 1, 4.


  • Uncovering drivers of violence against children in Swaziland.
  • Maguga Dam.
  • Current political situations in Mali and Swaziland: briefing by Department | PMG.
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Any National Action Plan NAP on modern slavery, or that covers any component of modern slavery, such as trafficking, forced marriage, forced marriage, children in armed conflict AND this NAP covers part or all of the period 1 February to 30 June Researcher Notes Indicator met — action plan is in force and is currently being updated. NOT the activities are costed, but it is unclear where this money is coming from OR there are reports of significant gaps in funding that are not plugged by IOs, NGOs or other agencies.

An independent entity is established to monitor the activities of the government in relation to its anti-modern slavery efforts. This body can be outside the NAP and does not have to focus solely on modern slavery. Independent entity can be an independent statutory body or individual or other third party that DOES NOT implement the government response to modern slavery.

Swaziland | UNDP Climate Change Adaptation

The government is part of a regional response. A relevant regional body includes: — A body with more than two country representatives as members of the group, and — A focus on some form of modern slavery. The government must have signed onto, or have agreed to abide by, the shared values and objectives developed by the group i.

NOT labour migration agreements covered under M3 3. NOT evidence of repatriation covered under M3 3. Researcher Notes Indicator met- an agreement on security issues, including trafficking in persons between Mozambique and Swaziland exists.

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An MoU between Swaziland adnd Taiwan to cooperate on human trafficking exists. The government cooperates with home country for voluntary repatriation of foreign nationals. NOT evidence of deportation. Repatriation refers to the voluntary return of individuals to their home country with their consent. Deportation refers to the removal of individuals from a country without their consent. Foreign victims are detained in detention facilities or deported for immigration violations.

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Can include instances where victims are detained for a breach of visa conditions OR instances where foreign victims are deported to countries of origin without access to assistance. This occurred between 1 February and 30 June Note: if victims are arrested for crimes committed while enslaved, please refer to Milestone 2, 1.

Researcher Notes Indicator met — trafficking victims are detained and deported. For countries that are part of the EU, membership is not sufficient to offer protection.

Swaziland, Country Strategy Paper 2014-2018

Instead, please see whether national legislation has been harmonised with EU requirements under EU law. Researcher Notes Indicator not met: bilateral labour agreements exist but extent migrant protection is unknown. Milestone 4 Risk factors, such as attitudes, social systems, and institutions that enable modern slavery are addressed.


  1. Current political situations in Mali and Swaziland: briefing by Department!
  2. General Documents.
  3. The Rough Guide to South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland.